Hybrid Vehicles: A Story
Japanese car makers have found a creative way to cope with the pollution created by cars and that is build hybrid cars.
The greatest 15 naval ships of the world pollute our surroundings more than 750 million cars. A single transport vessel pollutes the equal of 50 million cars. Despite that, the governing bodies’ principal attention is reducing the pollution in the cities than in the oceans. The Japanese designers from Toyota experienced an inspiration in 1990. They wanted to produce a car that didn’t pollute the environment. The Prius was the vehicle that was designed to create a revolution, but the cost was also an important aspect that affected the sales.
While the Prius has been breaking sales records in the United States, it has been fighting in the European and Japanese markets. Sales of hybrid cars in general account for fewer than 1% of total car sales in Europe.
Europe overall have not been very keen to adopt hybrid cars. The potential buyers are not encouraged to buy those cars and often they are also high priced. The only “bonus” that people get is a decline in the pollution levy. The selling price variation between a hybrid car and a typical gasoline car in the same class is considerable.
Toyota has been doing a review and concluded that people who drive hybrids are typically people who have college degrees or higher like doctors, lawyers and engineers. They like these cars because of the low gasoline consumption. For example, the Lexus RX 450h features 300 horse power but it uses less than a common 1.4 liters car.
The majority of the car producers have their own hybrid lines such as the EcoNetic for Ford, BlueMotion for Volkswagen, or the EcoFlex line of Opel. This may also be found in diesel cars in addition. Despite the fact that the diesel cars are less consuming, they are generally used for trucks because of the higher buying price. Reviews show that most Europeans rather drive a gasoline fueled car than hybrids or diesel cars due to the fact they are more powerful and cheaper.
In the beginning, the Japanese and Americans were not really big on hybrid cars when they were first introduced, like Mercedes initial line of Blutec models, which were considered cancer causing and toxic. Though the trucks from the 80′s exist on the road today in Europe and in America and they create more harm than any of the newer cars.
Prius is already at its third development, having an emission of CO2 of 89 grams per kilometer, which usually is the exact consumption of a smart Diesel car, although the Japanese model is a medium one. In addition, Prius remains the only hybrid that can easily work only with the electric engine and with a acceleration of 50 kilometers for more than one kilometer and it also has an attractive price of only 30 000 Euro.